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C-130 Timeline

C-130 Events from 1991





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January

31 Jan 1991 C-130E #69-6567, c/n 4341, modified to AC-130E, ops by 415th Special Operations Training Squadron, Hurlburt Field, Florida, by September 1972. Modified to AC-130H, 1973, to 16th Special Operations Squadron, by July 1978, electronic update, September 1990. Callsign 'Spirit 03', after opting to stay in the air knowing they would be vulnerable to enemy fire, stayed to cover a platoon of U.S. Marines on the ground; shot down by an SA-7 at dawn 110 kilometers south-southeast of Kuwait City, Kuwait in the Battle of Khafji. The crew of 14 was lost. This was largest single loss of life by the U.S. Air Force during Operation Desert Storm, and the last loss of an AC-130 due to enemy fire to date.

February

5 Feb 1991 C-130H #748 of the Hellenic Air Force and operated by 356 Mira, crashed into Mount Othrys during landing approach to Nea Anchialos, 63 dead.
27 Feb 1991 L-100-30 #322 of the Kuwait Air Force hit by bomb and center fuselage badly damaged. Transported by road to Kuwait and scrapped in March 1995, scrapped.

March

16 Mar 1991 L-100-30 #CP-1564 leased to Transafrik was shot down by UNITA FIM-92 Stinger missile near Malanje, Angola.
21 Mar 1991 C-130H #469 of the RSAF (4 Squadron), crashed in heavy smoke on approach to Ras Al-Mishab Airport, Saudi Arabia. Remains at Dhahran International Airport.

May

10 May 1991 Indonesian Air Force C-130H-30 (#A-1324)

June

10 Jun 1991 C-130A #9J-SLQ operating for the Angolan government crashed on take-off from Luanda, load shifted, burned.

September

2 Sep 1991 L-100 c/n #4250, delivered December 1968 to National Aircraft Leasing, registered N9266R, leased the Interior Department, December 1968. Modified to L-100-20. Leased to Saturn Airways, registered N22ST, January 1971, then leased to Southern Air Transport, September 1972. Leased to Alaska International Air (formerly Interior Airways, later Markair), October 1975. Leased again to Southern Air Transport, April 1977, then sold to SAT, June 1978. Leased to Air Algérie, 1981. Registered to Commercial Air Leasing, N521SJ, June 1985, same November 1987. Leased to IAS/Diamang, 1986 – January 1987. Operations in Ethiopia for Caritas, November 1988. Blown-up by mine before take-off from Wau, Sudan.
17 Sep 1991 L-100-30 #ET-AJL of Ethiopian Airlines crashed into mountain Arey, south of Djibouti, Ethiopia.

October

5 Oct 1991 C-130H-30 #A-1324 of the Indonesian Air Force crashed after take-off from Halim-Perdanakasuma, Jakarta, Indonesia due to an engine fire. 134 on board of the aircraft as well as two people on the ground were killed, but one passenger on the aircraft survived.
30 Oct 1991 CC-130E #130322 of the Candian Forces was flying to Canadian Forces Station (CFS) Alert from Edmonton, Alberta via Thule Air Base, Greenland. While on final approach to the airstrip the pilot apparently was flying by sight rather than relying on instruments. The aircraft crashed on Ellesmere Island approximately 16 km (9.9 miles) short of the runway, killing five of the 18 passengers and crew. Subsequent rescue efforts by personnel from CFS Alert, USAF personnel from Thule AB and CF personnel from 440 Squadron, CFB Edmonton, Alberta and Trenton, Ontario, were hampered by a blizzard and local terrain. The crash investigation recommended all CC-130s be retrofitted with ground proximity detectors and beefed-up Arctic Survival Equipment. The crash and rescue efforts were the basis of a film called Ordeal in the Arctic.